December 18th, 2018
The Accessible Rich Internet Applications Working Group has published Accessible Name and Description Computation 1.1 (Accname) as a W3C Recommendation. Accname describes how user agents determine the names and descriptions of accessible objects from web content languages. The name is a simple label for the object, and the description provides additional information. These are both standard features of accessibility APIs, which allow assistive technologies to identify these objects and present their names or descriptions to users. Documenting the algorithm through which names and descriptions are to be determined promotes interoperable exposure of these properties among different accessibility APIs and helps to ensure that this information appears in a manner consistent with author intent. Separate accessibility API mapping (AAM) specifications define the actual way these features are exposed to accessibility APIs; Accname just describes how the name and description are computed using a variety of content features that may be present at the same time. Read about the Accessible Rich Internet Applications Working Group and the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI).